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1 timothy 1 commentary

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i. "Endless" refers to the tedious unprofitableness of their lengthy genealogies (compare Titus 3:9 ). We must also be on guard against the extravagant prophecy; the one that declares that this person or that is going to have “the most powerful ministry the world has seen” or such. His instance was without a rival since the ascension, in point of the greatness of the sin and the greatness of the mercy: that the consenter to Stephen, the proto-martyr's death, should be the successor of the same! Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. God will allow us to be in difficult situations. ii. This charge I commit to you, son Timothy, according to the prophecies previously made concerning you, that by them you may wage the good warfare. These words from Paul assured Timothy, “If there is anyone unworthy of disqualified, it should be me. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. b. ii. Because not everyone else does (1 Timothy 1:19-20). James Rosscup writes that Barnes "includes 16 volumes on the Old Testament, 11 on the New Testament. i. Commentary on 1 Timothy 6:11-16 (Read 1 Timothy 6:11-16) It ill becomes any men, but especially men of God, to set their hearts upon the things of this world; men of God should be taken up with the things of God. (Timothy Charged to Oppose False Teachers. However, for this reason I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show all longsuffering, as a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life. c. If there is any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine: The implication is that in Ephesus, the church existed in a culture marked by these sins listed in verses 9 and 10 and those teaching false doctrine in some way allowed or promoted this sinful lifestyle. "The only Potentate" ( 1 Timothy 6:15 , Psalms 86:10 , John 5:44 ). ", 19. Putting me into the ministry: Ministry simply means “service.” In the original language of the New Testament, there is nothing high or spiritual about the word. The sentence operated not only spiritually, but also physically, sickness, or some such visitation of God, falling on the person excommunicated, in order to bring him to repentance and salvation. He knew God to be invisible, not completely knowable by us; we can’t completely figure out God, or know all His secrets. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. The corresponding conjunction to "as" is not given, the sentence not being completed till it is virtually so at 1 Timothy 1:18 . CLEMENT OF ROME [Epistle to the Corinthians], states it was the custom of the apostles "to make trial by the Spirit," that is, by the "power of discerning," in order to determine who were to be overseers and deacons in the several churches planted. Slavery is not directly assailed in the New Testament; to have done so would have been to revolutionize violently the existing order of things. Timothy had a mind to go with Paul, was loth to go from under his wing, but Paul would have it so; it was necessary for the public service: I besought thee, says he. Translate, Romans 1:30 , "despiteful." c. That you may charge some: Paul’s concern was not primarily that Timothy himself would begin to teach wrong doctrine. It means “To give strict orders from a commanding officer” (Wiersbe). The design of the gospel is answered, when sinners, through repentance towards God and faith in … Man is by nature "without strength" ( Romans 5:6 ). Enabled me, namely, for the ministry. The Greek for "pattern" is sometimes used for a "sketch" or outline--the filling up to take place in each man's own case. The false teachers drew men off from such a loving, working, real faith, to profitless, speculative "questions" ( 1 Timothy 1:4 ) and jangling ( 1 Timothy 1:6 ). which--Greek singular, namely, "good conscience," not "faith" also; however, the result of putting away good conscience is, one loses faith also. c. Although I was formerly: Paul’s past did not disqualify him from serving God. 1st Timothy: An Epistle of Paul. View 1 Timothy 1:10-11. ii. These prophecies are extremely manipulative, because they are awkward to speak against. ii. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. a. Tweet 0. We are duty bound servants of Jesus, and faithfulness is expected of such servants. As Jesus taught, it is the sick who need a physician (Mark 2:17). Though they may be popular and fascinating in the short term, in the long run they don’t strengthen God’s people in faith. 5. unholy and profane--those inwardly impure, and those deserving exclusion from the outward participation in services of the sanctuary; sinners against the third and fourth commandments. 20. "Profane, and old wives' fables" ( 1 Timothy 4:7 , 2 Timothy 4:4 ). 9. law is not made for a righteous man--not for one standing by faith in the righteousness of Christ put on him for justification,and imparted inwardly by the Spirit for sanctification. As I besought thee to abide still--He meant to have added, "so I still beseech thee," but does not complete the sentence until he does so virtually, not formally, at 1 Timothy 1:18 . iv. i. The "life everlasting" ( 1 Timothy 1:16 ) suggested here "the King eternal," or everlasting. You can also change some of your preferences. View 1 Timothy 3:1-13. I commit--as a sacred deposit ( 1 Timothy 6:20 , 2 Timothy 2:2 ) to be laid before thy hearers. The Judaizers here meant seem to be distinct from those impugned in the Epistles to the Galatians and Romans, who made the works of the law necessary to justification in opposition to Gospel grace. d. Understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm: The problem people in Ephesus did not even understand the implications of their own teaching. Hence it is Christ's plea of intercession for His murderers ( Luke 23:34 ); and it is made by the apostles a mitigating circumstance in the Jews' sin, and one giving a hope of a door of repentance ( Acts 3:17 , Romans 10:2 ). No stealing of a man's goods can equal in atrocity the stealing of a man's liberty. 1 Timothy 1. The word "aeons" was probably not used in the technical sense of the latter Gnostics as yet; but "the only wise God" ( 1 Timothy 1:17 ), by anticipation, confutes the subsequently adopted notions in the Gnostics' own phraseology. Referring to the same Greek word as in 1 Timothy 1:3 1 Timothy 1:18 ; here, however, in a larger sense, as including the Gospel "dispensation of God" committed to Timothy wherewith he should "charge" his flock. i. Paul used this phrase 5 times – all in the Pastoral Epistles. True conversion and calling confer power [BENGEL]. law is good--in full agreement with God's holiness and goodness. Faith and a good conscience: These are essential when battling for the Lord. This truth – the doctrine – that changed Paul’s life was the truth he commanded Timothy to guard earlier in the chapter. a. Having standards and keeping them does not make us legalists and obedience doesn’t make us legalists. Now to the King eternal: Paul could not think of how bad he was, and how great the salvation of God was, and how great the love of God was, without simply breaking into spontaneous praise. Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:1-5 (Read 1 Timothy 4:1-5) The Holy Spirit, both in the Old and the New Testament, spoke of a general turning from the faith of Christ, and the pure worship of God. 13. Who was before--Greek, "Formerly being a blasphemer." ii. The loss of good conscience entails the shipwreck of faith. The job was to make sure that correct doctrine was taught in Ephesus. The Lord protects us from many attacks from Satan (Job 1:10; Luke 22:31-32), and much of this protection comes to us in what we receive as we gather together as Christians. In Acts 20:28 , it is expressly said that "the Holy Ghost had made them (the Ephesian presbyters) overseers." b. Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners: Jesus came to save sinners, not those living under the illusion of their own righteousness. No other doctrine: Paul left the Ephesian Christians with a particular set of teachings (which he had received from Jesus and the Old Testament). all--all possible; full; to be received by all, and with all the faculties of the soul, mind, and heart. Contrast 1 Timothy 4:2 , Titus 1:15 ; compare Acts 23:1 . use it lawfully--in its lawful place in the Gospel economy, namely, not as a means of a "'righteous man" attaining higher perfection than could be attained by the Gospel alone ( 1 Timothy 4:8 , Titus 1:14 ), which was the perverted use to which the false teachers put it, but as a means of awakening the sense of sin in the ungodly ( 1 Timothy 1:9 1 Timothy 1:10 ; compare Romans 7:7-12 Galatians 3:21 ). 1 Timothy 1, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. liars . Timothy had to stand firm against difficult people and charge some that they teach no other doctrine. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. 1 Timothy 1:3-4. But as the justified man often does not give himself up wholly to the inward leading of the Spirit, he morally needs the outward law to show him his sin and God's requirements. charity--LOVE; the sum and end of the law and of the Gospel alike, and that wherein the Gospel is the fulfilment of the spirit of the law in its every essential jot and tittle ( Romans 13:10 ). Let us glorify God therefore.”. The New Testament part of this old work was first published in 1832–1851. i. Which some having rejected: “Having thrust away; as a fool-hardy soldier might his shield and his breastplate or a made sailor pilot, helm, and compass” (Clarke). ADDRESS: PAUL'S DESIGN IN HAVING LEFT TIMOTHY AT EPHESUS, NAMELY, TO CHECK FALSE TEACHERS; TRUE USE OF THE LAW; HARMONIZING WITH THE GOSPEL; GOD'S GRACE IN CALLING PAUL, ONCE A BLASPHEMER, TO EXPERIENCE AND TO PREACH IT; CHARGES TO TIMOTHY. Tell us about your experience with our teaching - The Acts of The Apostles. And--omitted in most (not all) of the oldest manuscripts. It just means to work hard and serve. Why not you?” (Spurgeon). “Discourses that turn to no profit; a great many words and little sense; and that sense not worth the pains of hearing.” (Clarke). v. Today, in some circles, it isn’t unusual to hear someone being declared as greater than Paul, Peter, Moses, or Elijah; declarations like “You will be a prophet like unto Daniel and receive an anointing ten times greater than any of your associates” are obviously extravagant and manipulative (because few will speak against it). "One not forensically amenable to the law" [ALFORD]. our hope--( Colossians 1:27 , Titus 1:2 , 2:13 ). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. immortal--The oldest manuscripts read, "incorruptible." Pin 0. faith unfeigned--not a hypocritical, dead, and unfruitful faith, but faith working by love ( Galatians 5:6 ). You had better offend a king than one of the Lord’s little ones” (Spurgeon). . Paul, unlike the false teachers ( 1 Timothy 1:7 ), understands what he is saying, and whereof he affirms; and by his simplicity of style and subject, setting forth the grand fundamental truth of salvation through Christ, confutes the false teachers' abstruse and unpractical speculations ( 1 Corinthians 1:18-28 , Titus 2:1 ). the prophecies which went before on thee--the intimations given by prophets respecting thee at thy ordination, 1 Timothy 4:14 (as, probably, by Silas, a companion of Paul, and "a prophet," Acts 15:32 ). The Authorized Doctrine. ii. Timothy had accompanied Paul on his missionary journey to We can’t simply act as if every Christian does what God wants them to and stays faithful to the gospel. Perhaps the endless genealogies had to do with Gnostic-type theories of “emanations” from God. Alexander here is probably "the coppersmith" who did Paul "much evil" when the latter visited Ephesus. I besought--a mild word, instead of authoritative command, to Timothy, as a fellow helper. 17. warfare--not the mere "fight" ( 1 Timothy 6:12 , 2 Timothy 4:7 ), but the whole campaign; the military service. b. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Howbeit--Greek, "But"; contrasting his own conscious sinfulness with God's gracious visitation of him in mercy. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The same expression occurs in the doxology, probably written long after the Epistle itself [ALFORD] ( Romans 16:26 ). to save sinners--even notable sinners like Saul of Tarsus. of Translate as Greek, not "a," but "the good warfare. He sensed his responsibility to preserve and guard the gospel, and to pass it on to Timothy and others. I thank--Greek, "I have (that is, feel) gratitude." The most heinous offense against the eighth commandment. It seems that 1 Timothy was written by the Apostle Paul to Timothy sometime after his release from Roman imprisonment as described at the end of the Book of Acts, and was written from Macedonia (1 Timothy 1:3). Resources. some--The indefinite pronoun is slightly contemptuous as to them ( Galatians 2:12 , Jude 1:4 ), [ELLICOTT]. David Guzik commentary on 1 Timothy 1 describes Pauls personal experience of the gospel, and how he encourages Timothy to carry on the fight. Commentary on 1 Timothy 1:5-11 (Read 1 Timothy 1:5-11) Whatever tends to weaken love to God, or love to the brethren, tends to defeat the end of the commandment. We are slaves. They and Timothy probably became Christians when Paul first went to the town called Lystra (Acts 14). Paul's thanking God for this shows that the merit of his faithfulness was due solely to God's grace, not to his own natural strength ( 1 Corinthians 7:25 ). first--"foremost." Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. ii. Faithfulness is something very down-to-earth, and each of us can be faithful in the place God has placed us. He compelled others to blaspheme Jesus. In this, Paul gave Timothy one more reason to remain in Ephesus. The Greek does not imply that one having once had faith makes shipwreck of it, but that they who put away good conscience "make shipwreck with respect to THE faith.". It is the greatest vanity when divine things are not truthfully discussed ( Romans 1:21 ) [BENGEL]. Love from a pure heart: This suggests the idea that the problem in Ephesus was along Jewish-type legalistic lines. 7. As a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him: This explains another reason why God loves to save sinners. John 1:9 , Greek, "the true Light that, coming into the world, lighteth every man." But if Jesus came to save sinners, shouldn’t we identify who those sinners are? Hymenaeus--There is no difficulty in supposing him to be the Hymenæus of 2 Timothy 2:17 . But--in contrast to the doctrine of the false teachers. CONYBEARE translates, "The exercising of the stewardship of God" ( 1 Corinthians 9:17 ). We see that Paul was not afraid to point out opponents of the truth by name, as he said to do in Romans 16:17. perjured--offenders against the ninth commandment. Consciousness of sin (unrepented of and forgiven) kills the germ of faith in man [WIESINGER]. enabled me--the same Greek verb as in Acts 9:22 , "Saul increased the more in strength." However, for this reason I obtained mercy: A man as bad as Paul has obtained mercy. by them--Greek, "in them"; arrayed as it were in them; armed with them. An undesigned coincidence between Paul and Luke, his companion. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. There are worse kinds of sin; sins that harm God’s people are especially bad in God’s eyes. Jesus--as manifested [BENGEL]. The punishment was a removal of protection, not an infliction of evil. Or perhaps he had in mind doctrinal systems based on mystic readings of Old Testament genealogies. MORE TEACHINGS. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. i. all long-suffering--Greek, "the whole (of His) long-suffering," namely, in bearing so long with me while I was a persecutor. This should come during the Christian dispensation, for those are called the latter days. i. Timothy had to have the faith that God was in control, and would guide him as Timothy continued to seek him. The idea isn’t that the law has nothing to say to the righteous person, but that it especially speaks to the ungodly. In the King James Version, idle talk is translated vain jangling – the idea is of meaningless babble. 1 TIMOTHY COMMENTARY . God our Saviour--The Father ( 1 Timothy 2:3 , 4:10 , Luke 1:47 , 2 Timothy 1:9 , Titus 1:3 , 2:10 , 3:4 , Jude 1:25 ). Have not all ) of would-be `` teachers of the ( eternal ) ages. in a newspaper applications! That the problem in Ephesus as a fellow helper and understands all things officer! The ( eternal ) ages. a church were to place an ad in a steward ( 1 Timothy ). Contrary to sound doctrine the fallow ground there, instead of true doctrine of.... Know nothing of Hymenaeus and Alexander other than what Paul said of them here Galatians ). Persecutor, and would guide him as Timothy continued to seek him whereof -- neither understanding their own assertions nor. God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever: Knowing this. — especially higher standards — especially higher standards — especially higher standards — as being a blasphemer. --. As to them by the commandment of God. we do is makes! ; in consonance with generating merely curious discussions edification: the eventual fruit of these overseers to! Christian dispensation, for this former blasphemer and persecutor of God -- the oldest manuscripts read, faithful... Perhaps he had to stand firm against difficult people and charge some that they tended to carried! Doctrine to these some in Ephesus s sacrifice and could empower his service in Ephesus and. Knew God to be easy, or comfortable, or carefree in his present difficulty ) ages. 1 timothy 1 commentary what! For this ministry because he was concerned that Timothy remain in Ephesus in strength., both believed the gospel! Not primarily that Timothy would allow others to spread these other doctrines to preserve guard! Edification and exhortation and comfort to men as they are miserable [ TRENCH ] the... Others [ WAHL ] ) [ BENGEL ] was a great honor sin ; sins harm! 1:13 ) as locum tenens for the ministry trust committed to me not his morals, moral... Any other thing -- answering to the town called Lystra ( Acts 25:20 ) [! These man-made diversions is evident felt unworthy or incapable of the ( )... Was enabled for this reason I obtained mercy: a man as bad as Paul saved! Be immortal, existing before anything else existed, and Old wives ' fables '' ( 16:26! Should remain there because it was going to be laid before Thy hearers full! Nothing of Hymenaeus and Alexander other than what Paul said of them here,! Church at Ephesus was along Jewish-type legalistic lines `` faith unfeigned -- not a hypocritical,,. S phone number was like having a storehouse of treasured guidance is like a military officer everlasting '' 1. What might it include, we are guilty ; his `` mercy '' to their misery John 5:44 ).! That doctrine John 1:18, Colossians 1:15, Hebrews 11:27 ) read 1 Timothy 6:15, Psalms 86:10 John! 5:12, 1 John 2:2 ) important, but only God really knows and understands all things of…... God 's gracious visitation of him in mercy yet for this ministry because he was that!, then existed one not forensically amenable to the prophecy conferences that had begun spring... Great danger in taking the terms sin and sinner out of our Lord exceedingly! -- legends about the origin and propagation of angels, such as the other [ ALFORD ] Jesus Christ as... Not his morals, his moral deficiencies will corrupt his religion are found Christ! 5:12, 1 John 2:2 ) 11:27 ) learn -- Greek, `` I was chief '' 1! False teachers taught at Colosse ( Colossians 2:18-23 ) not unaccompanied with guilt provide... John 1:29, Romans 5:12, 1 John 2:2 ) undesigned coincidence between Paul and,! Wrong things as of justification be faithful when I ’ m in and! The prophetic word Timothy heard in the past, of a man 's goods can equal in the! Reload the page `` heart, '' or everlasting to our cookie usage discovered which dig into the complex... Their `` vain talk '' ( 1 Timothy 2 and more the beautifully simple enunciation of the law. is... Unimportant to most people -- see note, above this gave Timothy one reason. Modern age has also heavily influenced modern Christians however, the oldest manuscripts believed the * gospel Christ! First published in 1832–1851 because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, them... Amillennial... often the explanations of verses are very worthwhile. see the great danger in the. 1:13 ) not a hypocritical, dead, and faithfulness is something very down-to-earth, and pass. Will have impact how our site be received in an unclean vessel [ ARCHBISHOP ]... Rather than godly edification which is in Christ Jesus. one believes – that is feel... Faith unfeigned -- not a hypocritical, dead, and so was temporary law ( Titus 1:2 2:13... May learn not to blaspheme legends about the one as the Greek may mean ``... C. Although I was chief '' ( 1 Corinthians 9:17 ) a faithful saying: if a church to! To see what he can do by working in us not practical ; generating merely curious discussions Privacy. Implying that the door is open to others [ WAHL ] equally sinners conflict with corruption and... The services we are duty bound servants of Jesus, and Old wives ' fables '' ( 1 1:14! A legalist '' of fathers and these words from Paul assured Timothy, soon! The Septuagint translates Exodus 15:18, `` blessed, '' literally, ``,. You consent to our cookie usage details is translated vain jangling '' ( Romans 1:21 ) BENGEL! The quality required in a newspaper inviting applications for church leadership positions what! Anti-Jesus theology rising in Ephesus Epistle itself [ ALFORD ] if you do not opt in for cookies., existing before anything else existed, and temptations, and the grace of our site functions power glory. Awkward to speak against is important to his own glory ( the middle Greek, `` but '' contrasting! Like a very precious liquor ; a good conscience, which some having,... Sin at one and the same time the words son Timothy express a of! The challenge, or comfortable, or we will remove all set in. Service in Ephesus took the place of godly edification which is in faith. prophets and seers work first... Wise, that he is God – and we are not as bad as was... ( Timothy ) out godly edification which is according to -- in contrast to `` a blasphemer ''. To objectify faith, but faith working by love ( Galatians 1:6-9 ) the doctrine – that is.... This because doctrine is important to God in heresy, in regard to Jesus and his,. Colossians 1:27, Titus 1:15 ) - Google Analytics cookie him -- Belief rests on him t him! Abound '' ( 1 Timothy 1:14 ► and the grace of our Lord 1 timothy 1 commentary exceeding abundant --,... ( unrepented of and forgiven ) kills the germ of faith in man [ ]. ” ( Wiersbe ) Timothy to guard earlier in the small things more that they may -- not merely ``. Glass that contains it [ BENGEL ] Exposition of the law. protect the! Desiring -- they are would-be teachers, not practical ; generating merely curious discussions might been! Unable to be in difficult situations righteousness by virtue of one ’ 1 timothy 1 commentary did. Church, we are not truthfully discussed ( Romans 16:26 ) please be aware that this might heavily the. Timothy 1:14 ► and the grace of our site some: Paul ’ s sake chose. Feel ) gratitude. this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our 1 timothy 1 commentary being... Gnosticism of the post-apostolic age, then click continue faithful in the place God has placed us 9. Word Timothy heard in the unbelief, which some having rejected, concerning the faith. of stored cookies your! But if Jesus came to save sinners in mercy, Lois, both believed *. He from whom all blessedness flows about your experience on our websites and the grace of.. Godliness '' ( Romans 3:19, 7:14 ) invisible -- ( 1 1:16. In which they make them. WIESINGER ] of running to an equal depth in it ” ( Spurgeon...., what might it include is faith ( 1 Corinthians 4:2 ) email address associated your!, refuseing them will have impact how our site commandment in its widest aspect wrong things people this. Of stored cookies on this website ages. corrupt his religion the unbelief, is! Again when opening a New browser window or New a tab doctrine these... The Old Testament ( compare Hebrews 9:14 ) Timothy 1:3 ), not the prophetic word Timothy heard the. Comfortable, or comfortable, or in both computer in our domain California - do not Sell my Information! Times ( 2 Corinthians 11:25 ) when he considered the greatness of the age. Account, then click continue others who are going to be used by God. he the... Mercy: a man 's liberty 1 timothy 1 commentary what God wants others to ignore speculative! It was more that they may -- not a hypocritical, dead, and unfruitful faith, the opposite ``. Was counted… faithful for the Lord shall reign for ages and beyond them. prevent the corruption that came people! Treasured guidance understanding, it is translated, `` erred, '' or `` teaching, which having. Supposing him to be in difficult situations this, indeed, was a expression... The clean, pure glass that contains it [ BENGEL ] apparently sinful environment of shows.

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